American Association for Marriage and Family Therapists (2004). Marriage and family therapy core competencies.

American Association for Marriage and Family Therapists (2019). Approved supervision designation: Standards handbook.

American Counseling Association (2014). ACA code of ethics

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American Psychological Association (2012). Readiness to enter practice level rating form.

Bradley, W. J. & Becker K. D. (2021). Clinical supervision of mental health services: A systematic review of supervision characteristics and practices associated with formative and restorative outcomes. The Clinical Supervisor (40)1, 88-111, doi: 10.1080/07325223.2021.1904312

Chirop Coleiro, A., Creaner, M., & Timulak, L. (2022). The good, the bad, and the less than ideal in clinical supervision: A qualitative meta-analysis of supervisee experiences. Counselling Psychology Quarterly.

Council on Social Work Education. (2022). Educational policy and accreditation standards for baccalaureate and master’s social work programs, draft #2.

Falender, C. A., & Shafranske, E. P. (2004). Clinical supervision: A competency-based approach. American Psychological Association

Kangos, K. A., Ellis, M. V., Berger, L., Corp, D. A., Hutman, H., Gibson, A., & Nicolas, A. I. (2018). American psychological association guidelines for clinical supervision: Competency-based implications for supervisees. The Counseling Psychologist, 46(7), 821–845.

Kring, M., Cozart, J. K., Sinnard, M. T., Oby, A., Hamm, E. H., Frost, N. D., & Hoyt, W. T. (2022). Evaluating psychotherapist competence: Testing the generalizability of clinical competence assessments of graduate trainees. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 69(2), 222–234.

Milne, D., Aylott, H., Fitzpatrick, H., & Ellis, M. V.,  (2008). How does clinical supervision work? Using a “best evidence synthesis” approach to construct a basic model of supervision. The Clinical Supervisor, 27(2), 170-190, doi: 10.1080/07325220802487915

National Association of Social Workers (2005). NASW standards for clinical social work in social work practice.

National Association of Social Workers (2013). NASW best practice standards in social work supervision. NASW Standards in Social Work Supervision (

Poncy, G. (2020). Skillful use of developmental supervision. Journal of Psychotherapy Integration, 30(1), 102–107. https://doi-org/10.1037/int0000162

Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (2013). Quick guide for clinical supervisors. Quick Guide for Clinical Supervision

Smith, K. L., (2009). A brief summary of supervision models. [Unpublished paper]. Marquette University.

Tugendrajch, S.K., Kaitlin M. Sheerin, K. M., Jack H. Andrews, Rachel Reimers, Brigid R. Marriott, Evelyn Cho & Kristin M. Hawley (2021) What is the evidence for supervision best practices? The Clinical Supervisor, 40(1), 68-87, doi: 10.1080/07325223.2021.1887785

Watkins, C.E., (2014). The supervisory alliance as quintessential integrative variable. Journal of Contemporary Psychotherapy 44, 151–161. https://doi-org/10.1007/s10879-013-9252-x


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Guidebook for Clinical Supervision in Nebraska Copyright © 2022 by Susan Reay is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.

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