Bloom’s Taxonomy (revised edition)

Benjamin Bloom and collaborators created a framework for categorizing education goals. The framework consists of six major categories and refers to the cognitive skills and abilities that help when designing instruction and helping students learn. The hierarchical order of categories is Knowledge, Comprehension, Application, Analysis, Synthesis, and Evaluation. The original framework was revised in 2001 (See image below), and while the concept and foundation remained the same, synthesis was removed, create was added, and other levels had name changes.  Bloom’s taxonomy framework can be used to create assessments, increase the rigor of lessons/assessments, evaluate assessments, and help guide the creation of your course design.


Bloom's taxonomy diagram

Review the following Bloom’s Taxonomy Web Page at


Teaching Online: Course Design, Delivery, and Teaching Presence Copyright © by Analisa McMillan. All Rights Reserved.

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