13 Gagne’s Nine Events of Instruction

The Nine Events of Instruction Framework by Robert Gagne is based on the behaviorist approach to learning and follows a systematic approach to address the conditions of learning.

The nine steps are:

1. Gain the attention of the students. Tell a story or ask a thought-provoking question and “hook” the students with stimuli that catch and engage the brain to gain the attention of the students.

2. Inform the students of the objectives. Establish the learning expectations for the course and how you will measure success or failure

3. Stimulate recall of prior learning. Leverage students existing knowledge before introducing new knowledge to scaffold learning.

4. Present the content. Deliver the content in smaller consumable chunks for easier information processing.

5. Provide learner guidance. Use examples, case studies, stories, discussion, and other instructional support materials to guide students learning.

6. Elicit performance.  Engage students with activities that help them recall, utilize and evaluate knowledge.

7. Provide feedback.  Reinforce knowledge with immediate feedback.

8. Assess performance. Test learners’ knowledge and skills.

9. Enhance retention and transfer to the job. Use content retention strategies to retain knowledge to include but not limited to concept mapping, rephrasing, summarizing, job aids

Read the following article on Gagne’s Nine Events of Instruction with examples. https://www.niu.edu/facdev/_pdf/guide/learning/gagnes_nine_events_instruction.pdf


Teaching Online: Course Design, Delivery, and Teaching Presence Copyright © by Analisa McMillan. All Rights Reserved.

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